The type of enclosure you need will depend on the species of tortoise you have as a pet. Mediterranean and desert types will need an open top or "tortoise table" type set up. Tropical species will need a vivarium to help keep in humidity and heat.
All species will need heat, light and UVB. With a 10 to 12 hour photoperiod. This can be achieved with an all in one mercury vapour bulb on a timer, or a separate UVB tube light and heat bulb. A ceramic heat emitter of heat may could help to keep the tortoise warm at night if your background temperature drops below 18 degrees celsius.
A temperature gradient is required within the enclosure and a basking area should be around 35 degrees. Multiple hides should be provided around the enclosure in different temperature areas. Your tortoise will need a water bowl deep enough to climb into, but not so deep as to prevent the tortoise from climbing out.
Substrate depends on your tortoises needs, for Mediterranean tortoises sterilised topsoil from the garden centre is the best. For more tropical animals a coir substrate will hold the moisture and humidity.
Table or viv?
UVB and heat
As with all animals, variety is the key to a healthy diet.
Commercially available turtle food
Mixed salad leaves
NO spinach OR iceberg lettuce
Attached is a pdf containing care information for the Yellow Footed Tortoise. You may download, keep, print and share as desired.
Attached is a pdf containing care information for the Horsfield or Russian Tortoise. You may download, keep, print and share as desired.
Attached is a pdf containing care information for the Leopard Tortoise. You may download, keep, print and share as desired.